Know About Migraine


Migraine is a neurological disorder that causes recurring headaches, often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound.


  • Throbbing or pulsating pain on one or both sides of the head.
  • Sensitivity to light, sound, or smells.
  • Nausea, vomiting, or both.
  • Blurred vision or visual disturbances.
  • Light-headedness, sometimes followed by fainting.
  • Sensation of pins and needles in the arms or legs.
  • Speech difficulty.


  • Genetics: A family history of migraine increases the risk of developing the condition.
  • Hormonal changes: Women are more likely to experience migraines due to changes in hormone levels during menstruation, pregnancy, or menopause.
  • Environmental factors: Bright lights, loud noises, strong smells, and certain foods can trigger migraines.
  • Stress: Emotional or physical stress can trigger migraines in some people.


Migraine diagnosis is based on a physical exam and medical history. Your doctor may also order tests to rule out other causes of your headaches. These tests may include:

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) scan
  • Blood tests
  • Spinal tap (lumbar puncture)


  • Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin.
  • Prescription medications such as triptans, ergots, or opioids.
  • Anti-nausea medication.
  • Lifestyle changes such as reducing stress, getting enough sleep, avoiding triggers, and exercising regularly.


  • Identify and avoid triggers such as certain foods, bright lights, and loud noises.
  • Get regular exercise.
  • Establish a regular sleep pattern.
  • Reduce stress through relaxation techniques such as meditation or yoga.
  • Take preventive medication as prescribed by your doctor.

Myths and Facts

Myth: Migraines are just bad headaches.

Fact: Migraines are a neurological disorder with a range of symptoms that can significantly affect quality of life.

Myth: Migraines only affect women.

Fact: While women are more likely to experience migraines, men can also suffer from this condition.

Myth: Migraines can be cured with medication.

Fact: There is no cure for migraines, but medication and lifestyle changes can help manage symptoms and prevent future attacks.


Q: Are migraines hereditary?

A: Yes, there is a genetic component to migraines, and having a family history of migraines increases the risk of developing the condition.

Q: Can migraines be prevented?

A: Yes, identifying and avoiding triggers, getting regular exercise, establishing a regular sleep pattern, and taking preventive medication can all help prevent migraines.

Q: How long do migraines last?

A: Migraines can last anywhere from a few hours to several days.


American Migraine Foundation. “What Is Migraine?”

Mayo Clinic. “Migraine.”

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. “Migraine Information Page.”