All About Trigeminal Neuralgia


Trigeminal Neuralgia (TN) is a chronic pain disorder that affects the trigeminal nerve, which carries sensory information from the face to the brain. The condition causes sudden, severe facial pain that can be triggered by everyday activities such as eating, talking, and brushing teeth. Here’s everything you need to know about Trigeminal Neuralgia.


•            Intense, shooting, electric-like pain on one side of the face

•            Pain usually lasts several seconds to a few minutes

•            Pain attacks can be triggered by light touch, chewing, speaking, or cold air

•            Pain can be so severe that it’s often described as one of the worst pains known to humans

•            Pain may occur in cycles, with periods of remission followed by recurrence of symptoms

•            Some patients may experience facial numbness, tingling, or muscle weakness


•            Compression of the trigeminal nerve by a blood vessel or tumor

•            Aging-related changes in the trigeminal nerve

•            Multiple Sclerosis

•            Facial trauma or injury


•            Neurological exam to test the trigeminal nerve’s function

•            MRI or CT scan to identify any compression or damage to the trigeminal nerve


•            Medications such as anticonvulsants and muscle relaxants to reduce nerve activity and pain

•            Surgery to relieve pressure on the nerve or to damage it to stop the pain signals

•            Alternative treatments like acupuncture, biofeedback, and hypnosis may help alleviate symptoms

•            Natural remedies like essential oils and herbal supplements may also help reduce pain


•            There are no known ways to prevent Trigeminal Neuralgia, but reducing stress and maintaining a healthy lifestyle may help improve overall well-being

•            Maintaining proper oral hygiene and avoiding triggering factors like cold air or touch may help reduce the frequency of pain attacks

Myths and Facts

Myth: TN only affects elderly people

Fact: TN can affect people of any age, but it’s more common in people over 50 years old

Myth: TN is caused by poor dental health

Fact: Poor dental health is not a direct cause of TN, but it can trigger pain attacks in some patients

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can TN be cured? A: There’s no cure for TN, but treatment can help alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life

Q: Is TN life-threatening? A: TN is not life-threatening, but the pain attacks can be debilitating and affect daily life activities

Support Groups: Joining a support group for Trigeminal Neuralgia can help patients connect with others who are going through similar experiences and provide emotional support and practical advice.

In conclusion, Trigeminal Neuralgia is a chronic pain condition that can severely impact a patient’s quality of life. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and improve overall well-being. If you or a loved one is experiencing symptoms of TN, consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and treatment options.